Underwater Welder

The position of an Underwater Welder in the Oil & Gas industry is a highly specialized and demanding role, integral to the maintenance and repair of offshore structures. This job involves working under extreme conditions to perform welding tasks that are crucial for the structural integrity and operation of underwater installations like pipelines, rigs, and platforms. Underwater welders play a critical role in ensuring the continual flow of oil and natural gas by repairing damages and reinforcing structures to withstand harsh marine environments.

Key Responsibilities

Underwater welders are expected to handle a variety of tasks that require precision and expertise. Primary responsibilities include:

  • Assessing underwater structures to determine the need for repairs or reinforcements.
  • Performing various underwater welding techniques depending on the project requirements, including wet and dry welding.
  • Using specialized diving equipment to reach and carry out welding tasks at various depths.
  • Maintaining and setting up welding equipment, ensuring all tools and materials are suitable for high-pressure underwater environments.
  • Working closely with other diving professionals and surface teams to plan and execute operations safely and efficiently.
  • Ensuring compliance with safety regulations and procedures to mitigate risks associated with underwater operations.

Key Tasks and Duties

Besides the main responsibilities, the role involves specific tasks that underline the unique nature of the position:

  • Conducting inspections of welded structures using non-destructive testing techniques to ensure quality and durability of welds.
  • Documenting all diving and welding activities accurately for compliance and operational records.
  • Monitoring weather, tides, and other environmental factors to schedule diving and welding operations optimally.
  • Participating in emergency response activities or damage assessments following storms or other incidents.
  • Continuously updating skills and knowledge in both diving and welding disciplines to maintain high standards of performance.

Education and Certification Requirements

Candidate qualifications for the role of Underwater Welder typically include:

  • A high school diploma or equivalent; higher education in fields such as marine engineering, welding technology, or commercial diving can be advantageous.
  • Certification from recognized diving institutions such as the Professional Association of Diving Instructors (PADI) or the National Association of Underwater Instructors (NAUI).
  • A certified welding qualification from an accredited body like the American Welding Society (AWS) specifically tailored for underwater operations.
  • Completion of specialized courses in underwater welding and hyperbaric welding techniques.
  • Experience in commercial diving, along with knowledge of underwater inspection and non-destructive testing methodologies.
  • Physical fitness and the ability to pass a diver’s medical examination regularly.

The combination of diving and welding skills makes this role quite challenging but equally rewarding for those passionate about working in a dynamic and often unpredictable marine environment.

Underwater Welder salaries in 2024

How much can Underwater Welder make? It depends on their location and experience. Below you can find an average salary in the US and UK to have an idea.

🇺🇸 $109,800

In the United States, Underwater Welders make $109,800 per year on average.
The range is $48,350-$222,300 based on seniority and location of the individual.


In the United Kingdom, Underwater Welders make per year on average.
The range is based on seniority and location of the individual.

Salary information for Underwater Welder is not available.

The information above has been collected in 2024 from various online sources.
The information above has been collected in 2024 from various online sources.
The information above has been collected in 2024 from various online sources.

Free Job Description Template

Create Your Own

Join Our Team at [Company Name]!

Welcome to [Company Name], a leader in innovative offshore oil and gas solutions. With over [XX] years of experience in the industry, we specialize in providing cutting-edge engineering and underwater construction services to clients worldwide. Join our dedicated team, where we value safety, integrity, and efficiency.

Job Description

[Company Name] is seeking a skilled and reliable Underwater Welder to join our offshore team. This role is critical in ensuring the structural integrity and successful completion of our underwater installations and repair projects. The ideal candidate would have a strong background in underwater welding, a commitment to safety, and the ability to work in challenging environments.


  • Perform underwater welding and cutting on various offshore installations, including pipes and structures, using specialized equipment.
  • Ensure all activities are conducted in compliance with our safety protocols and industry regulations.
  • Assess and plan welding projects under water, working closely with project management and engineering teams.
  • Maintain diving gear and welding equipment, ensuring all tools are in optimal condition for safe operations.
  • Collaborate with other divers and staff to manage complex project requirements and environments efficiently.
  • Report project status, challenges, and results systematically to the management team.


  • Certified underwater welder with a minimum of [X] years of experience in the oil and gas industry offshore.
  • Professional diving certification (e.g., ADCI or IMCA) and any relevant welding certifications.
  • Physical ability to perform strenuous tasks and operate under adverse environmental conditions.
  • Proven track record of adhering to safety practices and quality standards.
  • Strong problem-solving skills and ability to work effectively in a team.
  • Availability to travel and work in remote locations on rotational shifts.

Perks and Salary

At [Company Name], we offer a competitive salary package starting from [insert salary range] plus performance-based bonuses. Our employees enjoy comprehensive health insurance, paid time off, and career development opportunities. Additionally, our unique position in the industry allows team members to work on exciting, high-profile projects around the globe.

How to Apply

Ready to take the plunge with us? Send your CV and a brief cover letter detailing your experience and why you think you would be a great fit for [Company Name] to [insert application email]. Alternatively, visit our website at [insert website URL] to submit your application online. We look forward to diving into your application!

This template includes key sections and formatted HTML implementations suitable for a job description for an underwater welder in the oil and gas industry. Make sure to replace placeholders (such as [Company Name] or [insert salary range]) with actual information when using this template.

Interview Questions for Underwater Welders

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Can you describe your previous experience with underwater welding, specifically in the oil and gas industry?

This question helps gauge the candidate's direct and relevant experience in underwater welding within the oil and gas sector. Understanding their background and projects they've worked on allows the interviewer to assess technical proficiency and industry knowledge.

What certifications do you hold related to commercial diving and underwater welding?

Certifications such as those from the American Welding Society (AWS) or commercial diving certifications are critical for ensuring safety and competence in underwater operations. This question verifies the candidate’s qualifications and readiness to comply with industry standards.

How do you ensure your own safety and the safety of your team during underwater welding projects?

Underwater welding is a high-risk job that requires stringent safety protocols. The candidate's answer will reveal their commitment to safety and their ability to implement effective safety measures, which is crucial in preventing accidents and ensuring successful operations.

Describe a challenging welding project you worked on and how you addressed the challenges.

This question is aimed at evaluating the problem-solving skills and technical expertise of the candidate. Understanding how they handle complex situations will indicate their resourcefulness and decision-making abilities in pressure scenarios.

What tools and equipment are you proficient in using for underwater welding tasks?

Proficiency with specialized underwater welding equipment and tools is essential. This question helps determine the candidate’s hands-on skills and comfort level with the technology and apparatus specific to the job requirements.

How do you handle communication and coordination with surface teams while you are performing underwater welding?

Effective communication is key in the risky underwater environment to ensure the operation's success and safety. The candidate’s ability to coordinate with surface teams reflects their teamwork skills and competence in handling operational challenges.

Can you provide an example of how you have adapted to unexpected changes or difficulties during an underwater project?

Adaptability is crucial in underwater projects where conditions can change rapidly. A candidate’s response will showcase their ability to swiftly adjust strategies and methods in response to environmental or technical challenges.

In what ways have you contributed to process improvements or innovations in your previous welding roles?

This question seeks insights into the candidate's capacity for innovation and continuous improvement, which are valuable for operational efficiency and advancing company standards in handling complex underwater projects.

Why do you want to work for our company, and how do you see yourself fitting into our corporate culture?

Company fit is important for long-term success in a role. This question not only assesses the candidate’s understanding of the company’s values and environment but also their enthusiasm for the role and alignment with company goals.

What are your career aspirations, and how do you see this position helping you achieve them?

Understanding the candidate’s career goals provides insights into their motivation, longevity, and potential growth within the company. It also helps in assessing whether the company can fulfill their career aspirations, contributing to job satisfaction and retention.

Frequently Asked Questions

What does an underwater welder do in the Oil & Gas industry?

An underwater welder in the Oil & Gas industry specializes in installing, maintaining, and repairing pipelines, rigs, and other underwater structures used in oil and gas extraction. This role involves high-risk underwater welding tasks often executed at considerable depths and requires a deep understanding of diving and welding technologies.

What qualifications are required to become an underwater welder?

To become an underwater welder, an individual must have a combination of certified welding and commercial diving skills. Typically, candidates should possess a professional diving certification (such as from the Association of Diving Contractors International) and a welding certificate accredited by a recognized body. Moreover, practical experience in underwater welding and advanced training in underwater inspection techniques can be crucial.

What are the physical requirements for underwater welders?

Underwater welders must be in excellent physical shape. They should pass a commercial diving physical exam and a series of fitness tests. Good hand-eye coordination, agility, and the ability to operate complex machinery under challenging conditions are crucial. Additionally, high-stress tolerance and the ability to respond calmly in emergency situations are essential traits.

What are the risks associated with underwater welding?

Underwater welding is considered one of the most hazardous professions and entails certain risks such as decompression sickness, drowning, and exposure to explosive gases. High safety standards and rigorous training protocols are employed to mitigate these risks. Welders must always use proper safety equipment and follow established safety procedures.

How lucrative is a career in underwater welding in the Oil & Gas industry?

The salaries for underwater welders can vary widely based on experience, location, and the specific nature of the job. However, due to the demanding nature of the job and the high level of skill required, underwater welders often earn premium wages. Pay can range from approximately $40,000 to over $100,000 annually based on these variables.

What are the career advancement opportunities for an underwater welder in the Oil & Gas industry?

Experienced underwater welders have several paths for career advancement, including moving into supervisory roles, becoming diving project managers, or specializing in hyperbaric welding techniques for more complex tasks. Continuous personal and professional development, as well as networking within the industry, can open up further opportunities for advancement.

What can be expected from the work environment of an underwater welder?

The work environment for underwater welders is often extreme, involving deep water depths and potentially hazardous conditions. Assignments can last from several days to multiple weeks and often require welders to be stationed offshore. Welders should also be prepared for varied working hours, including nights and weekends, depending on project demands.

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